Welcome to The Briercliffe Society Forum

The forum is free to join and you do not need to be a member of the society. You will receive an email to activate your account before you will be able to log in. Please check spam filters and junk mail folders for this email.
It is currently Sun Oct 20, 2019 3:34 pm

All times are UTC [ DST ]




Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 99 posts ]  Go to page Previous  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7  Next
Author Message
PostPosted: Tue Oct 09, 2012 7:39 pm 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
Thanks Gloria

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Thu Oct 18, 2012 7:16 pm 
Computer Whizz
User avatar

Joined: Fri Mar 02, 2007 9:28 am
Posts: 3922
Location: Near Chorley
From LFHHS yahoo forum

The Original Record
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=474a577d96&e=d373e9e7ab>

Source Books *Lost Generations*
Heritable surnames started to form in England in the 11th century, and
were the norm in most areas by 1400. Patronymic surnames still changed
generation by generation in Wales and in the far northwest of England
(Cumberland, Westmorland and northernmost Lancashire) through even to as
late as the 18th century, but the form of most surnames was set by 1300
in the rest of the country. Nevertheless, many surnames seem to appear
in the record much later than 1300. Some, of course, belong to families
that migrated to England later than then; but where are the others?
Some of the commonest English patronymic names, such as Johnson, are
rarely found before the 16th century, as such. Most of the texts being
in Latin, the earlier we go the more often Johnson is represented as
'filius Johannis', i.e., John's son, and as such one is always unsure
whether the heritable surname Johnson is intended. It is impossible to
tell from the record whether Willelmus filius Johannis de Newton was
William son of John de Newton, or William Johnson of Newton. In fact the
distinction is more in our minds than in actuality: to us the question
is which was the name that passed to his descendants - Johnson or Newton
- a question which was then still far in the future.
Similarly, occupational names will appear in a Latin form - Cocus or
Coquinarius for Cook, or in Norman French le Keu. Where a name is shown
in its English form, the normal mediaeval English spelling may be rather
different from the modern: so Judge appears as Jugge.
If the surname of interest derives from a placename, you may expect as
you go earlier for it to converge with the mediaeval form of the
placename, which may not be instantly recognizable from the modern. This
is most vividly shown by the numerous placenames along the river Thames,
all of which started with the element 'hythe', but became Chelsea,
Lambeth, Putney, Maidenhead. As the placenames mutated, they commonly
gave rise to variant surnames that look radically different, such as
Goldstraw and Goostrey.
So:

1. If the surname is translatable, such as a patronymic, occupation, or
common noun or adjective (such as Spring or Black) bear in mind what
the Latin (and Norman French) equivalents are.
2. If the surname is an occupation, common noun or adjective, check
what the normal orthography was in the Middle Ages. This also
applies to parts of a name; -head will appear earlier as -heved or
-heued.
3. If the surname is from a placename, find out from the appropriate
Place Name Society volume or Ekwall what the earliest forms were.

For some further tips about spelling variants, go to
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/search/tips
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=841a24176a&e=d373e9e7ab>.

*Surname Source Books*
13,830 Surnames Available
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/ebooks
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=0ddaa88094&e=d373e9e7ab>

Collections of entries for individual surnames from historical records
from the British Isles and colonies from the 11th to the 20th centuries,
hand indexed and extracted by surname, and available as ebook (£75) or
DVD (£90). Each ebook contains the full set of descriptions and matching
scans for the particular surname from the 10 million and more records
hand indexed by Theoriginalrecord.com. All scans are in PDF format.

_________________
Gloria

I'd be dangerous with a brain.


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Thu Oct 18, 2012 7:25 pm 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
Thanks Gloria

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Fri Oct 26, 2012 12:35 pm 
Computer Whizz
User avatar

Joined: Fri Mar 02, 2007 9:28 am
Posts: 3922
Location: Near Chorley
From LFHHS yahoo forum
Added this week:

1702
Irish Pensioners of William III's Huguenot Regiments
>From an original return in Miscellaneous Bundle 17 of the Civil List
books preserved in the Public Record Office, William A. Shaw prepared
this abstract, published in 1902. The paper itself was entitled
'Abstract of the Examination of the French Pensioners now on the Civil
List of the Establishment of Ireland'. The return was in book form with
very wide pages, each folio or spread divided into eight columns. In his
abstract the first number is the folio number; (a) is the name and
station of the pensioner, either by first commission, second, or
incorporated by warrant; (b) allowance on the establishment per diem;
(c) where served and how long; (d) what substance and in what it
consists; (e) what family they maintain; (f) able or not to serve, and
why not; (g) when disbanded. In some cases some of the columns are blank
in the original, and are ignored in this abstract. The least informative
entries give just surname and rate of pension. Christian names are
rarely given. The return is divided into two sections - Galloway's
Regiment, and Old Pensioners. The latter include some women, presumably
widows. The return was forwarded to the Lords Justices of Ireland as an
appendix to a report, dated 29 June 1702, from Charles Dering,
Auditor-General of Ireland. In all there were 590 pensioners, 398 being
in Galloway's Regiment. Dering provided an analysis of the return, and
annotated with an asterisk those 'absent out of the kingdom, dead or
otherwised provided for, whose names are in the abstract blank'; with a
dagger those 'that have been placed on the establishment by his late
Majesty's warrants & have not served'; and with a double dagger those
'that have pensions above their stations markt upon the abstract.'

1796-1798
Board of Stamps Apprenticeship Books: Country Collectors? Returns
Apprenticeship indentures and clerks' articles were subject to a 6d or
12d per pound stamp duty: the registers of the payments usually give the
master's trade, address, and occupation, and the apprentice's name, as
well as details of the date and length of the apprenticeship. There are
central registers for collections of the stamp duty in London, as well
as returns from collectors in the provinces. These collectors generally
received duty just from their own county, but sometimes from further
afield: in 1770 a change was made to describe many of the collectors
according to their county rather than their town, but no change was made
to the rule that they might stamp indentures from all the surrounding
area, so these labels are deceptive. The indentures themselves can date
from a year or two earlier than this return. There are returns from
Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Brecknockshire, Bristol, Cambridgeshire,
Cardiganshire, Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Denbighshire, Derbyshire,
Devon, Dorset, Durham, Essex, Flintshire, Glamorganshire,
Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire,
Huntingdonshire, East and West Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire,
Lincolnshire, Middlesex, Monmouthshire, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norfolk,
Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Oxfordshire,
Scotland, Shropshire, Somerset, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Surrey, Sussex,
Warwickshire, Westmorland, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, and Yorkshire,
each of which has been indexed separately. IR 1/68

1833
Subscribers to the Charity Schools of St Andrew Holborn
The Charity Schools of St Andrew, Holborn, were supported by private
benefactions and subscriptions. This list of the subscribers, for 1833,
gives their names and addresses and the amount of their subscription.
Apart from a handful of life subscribers, who had paid a substantial
lump sum, the payments were annual. The lefthand column shows the year
at which their subscriptions commenced. Full names are given in some
cases, but often christian names are omitted or indicated only by
initials. The addresses include house numbers in many instances. Those
who had served the office of Steward are indicated by a dagger.

1833
Subscribers to the Last Lays of Thomas Dibdin
The list of patrons and subscribers to 'The Last Lays of the Last of the
Three Dibdins: containing Fifty New Songs, Poems, &c. and One Hundred
and Fifty Selections from his Published and Unpublished Productions. By
T. Dibdin', published in 1833, gives surnames, and usually, but not
always, initials: and indicates where more than one copy has been bought.

1840-1849
Prisoners in Durham and Newcastle-upon-Tyne for Contempt of Court
The returns of prisoners imprisoned in Durham County Gaol and
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Gaol for contempt of court give full name; when
committed; by what authority; cause of committal; and date of discharge.

1917-1918
Durham University Matriculations
The matriculation roll for Durham University is arranged college by
college, unattached, home students and college of medicine. Full names
are given, surname first. Michaelmas term 1917, Epiphany and Easter
terms 1918.

1946
Royal Corps of Signals
The Army List for October 1946 lists the 4300 officers of the Royal
Corps of Signals by rank and seniority (i.e., the date from which their
particular rank was to be reckoned). The names are given as surnames and
initials. The many temporary commissions bestowing brevet or higher rank
are listed in italics, with date, together with any decorations. In
front of the surnames three abbreviations may occur: a bold R, meaning
released to unemployment; a crossed-swords symbol for meritorious war
service; and a pilcrow, for service without pay and allowances. There
are separate sections for retired officers temporarily re-employed, the
Territorial Army, and Regular Army Emergency Commissions (including
African Colonial, Caribbean, Egypt and Palestine forces), Supplementary
Reserve Category B.

Surname Source Books

Collections of entries for individual surnames from historical records
from the British Isles and colonies from the 11th to the 20th centuries,
hand indexed and extracted by surname, and available as ebook (£75) or
DVD (£90). Each ebook contains the full set of descriptions and matching
scans for the particular surname from the 10 million and more records
hand indexed by Theoriginalrecord.com. All scans are in PDF format.

13,830 Surnames Available
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/ebooks
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=02c36b74c8&e=d373e9e7ab>

_________________
Gloria

I'd be dangerous with a brain.


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Fri Oct 26, 2012 8:26 pm 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
Thanks again Gloria

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Sat Nov 03, 2012 9:50 am 
Computer Whizz
User avatar

Joined: Fri Mar 02, 2007 9:28 am
Posts: 3922
Location: Near Chorley
From LFHHS yahoo forum

*Apprenticeship Secrets*
Genealogists are familiar with 18th-century apprenticeship records, but
more can be wrung from them than appears at first sight.
Any man who appears practising a trade will have learnt it from his
father or from an established master. Practising a trade in a town or
city was, in theory, the preserve of the freemen of the borough or city.

1. So, the first step if the ancestor in question was trading in a town
or city is to check the freedom rolls. Freedom was gained (apart
from a few cases of grant or purchase) either by being son of a
freeman, or having served an apprenticeship to one. The freedom roll
will state the name of the father or master, and as freedom was
usually taken up about the age of 21, will also give a rough
indication of birthdate. Apprenticeship was commonly for seven
years, say from 14 to 21, but occasionally started earlier or later.
2. Charitable or poor-law apprenticeship bonds, if surviving, will be
found in the appropriate parish registers. Some towns and cities
kept registers of such apprentices, and these registers usually
stated date, master's full name, trade, period of service,
apprentice's name, his father's name, and abode.
3. All non-charitable apprenticeship indentures became subject to a
stamp duty of 6d in the £ (or 12d if registered late, or if the
premium was £50 or more). The registers of these indentures survive
from 1711 to 1811. They are now in the National Archives in the
class IR 1, and are largely covered at www.theoriginalrecord.com.
These are particularly attractive to genealogists because the early
registers normally give the apprentice's father's name and
occupation: but by the 1750s entering those details became more
fitful, and by the late 18th-century it was the norm to omit them.
There are two parallel series of registers: one for duty paid
directly in London, and one for returns from the country collectors.
The former series is sometimes called the City Returns, but that may
mislead, in that it included not merely London apprentices, but many
from all over the country for whom duty happened to be paid on
London. A similar trap is the assumption that the collector for a
particular county only dealt with apprentices from within that
county: a notorious example is Northamptonshire, which also includes
most of the returns from Birmingham. An entrepreneurial spirit seems
to have reigned within the collectors, who were happy to bring in
fees from far afield.
4. The IR 1 registers were essentially a record of cash received, and
are set out on facing pages (two matching scans) with the details of
master and apprentice on the left, and the date of the
apprenticeship indenture, term of years, premium paid, and tax paid,
on the right. There are thus two dates recorded, three in the case
of the country returns. On the far left is the date that the money
was received; on the right-hand page the date of the indenture
(recorded as a check that the tax was paid promptly); and in the
case of the country returns the date of the collector's warrant,
i.e., the date that the money was paid in in London. An important
point about this is that, even assuming prompt payment of the stamp
duty, the date of the receipt of money in London from the country
collectors would often be a year or two later than the date of the
apprenticeship indenture.

Having said all this, what extra can be gained, even allowing for the
happy event that the ancestor's apprenticeship record, better still with
the name and abode of his father, has been identified?

1. It is noticeable, looking through the IR 1 returns, that the
apprentice's surname is often the same as the master's. In fact, the
apprentice's master is often an uncle or cousin. So, in all cases,
having found your ancestor's apprenticeship, it is as well to look
closely at the master, and discover what you can about him and his
family, with an expectation that there may be a link. And a good
clue as to whether the master is a relative is if the amount paid
for premium for the apprenticeship is rather lower than the going
rate for the trade in question.
2. Another phenomenon that occurs in the registers, most obvious in the
country returns, is a grouping together of surnames. Where already
know that a set of apprentices were brothers, rather than them
coming into the registers each a couple of years apart, as they each
reached a suitable age, they may be apprenticed within a month or
two of one another. The reason for this is the very common practice
of wealthy and/or childless uncles and aunts to make provision in
their wills of sums of money to be paid in premiums for all their
nephews to be put apprentice, as being a sensible way of setting
them up in a trade for life. In consequence, shortly after probate
has been granted, two or three or more of the nephews appear in the
apprenticeship registers, within a few months. Particularly with the
country returns, therefore, having found the apprenticeship of your
ancestor, it is worthwhile looking very carefully at the names of
the apprentices immediately preceding and following. And, of course,
having detected such a set, there is then also the originating will
to find.

And if no apprenticeship can be found for your ancestor, a presumption
arises that he learnt his trade from his father: in which case John
Johnson wheelwright, is likely to be son of a Mr Johnson wheelwright of
the previous generation.

When exploring the apprenticeship register indexes, don't forget that
you can go to individual decades on the site, for instance
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/search/decade/177
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=5dbc19f010&e=d373e9e7ab>
for the 1770s, and then find an individual collector's return, such as
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/sear ... ?pub=82669
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=f7a3272596&e=d373e9e7ab>
for Masters of Apprentices registered at Aylesbury in 1770, and search
it for your surnames of interest.

*Surname Source Books*
13,830 Surnames Available
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/ebooks
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage2.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=a8451f230e&e=d373e9e7ab>

Collections of entries for individual surnames from historical records
from the British Isles and colonies from the 11th to the 20th centuries,
hand indexed and extracted by surname, and available as ebook (£75) or
DVD (£90). Each ebook contains the full set of descriptions and matching
scans for the particular surname from the 10 million and more records
hand indexed by Theoriginalrecord.com. All scans are in PDF format.

_________________
Gloria

I'd be dangerous with a brain.


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Sun Nov 04, 2012 10:15 am 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
Thanks Gloria

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Fri Nov 09, 2012 10:05 am 
Computer Whizz
User avatar

Joined: Fri Mar 02, 2007 9:28 am
Posts: 3922
Location: Near Chorley
From LFHHS yahoo forum

Added this week:

1597-1601
Salford Portmote
The earliest surviving records of the portmote of the borough of the
township and manor of Salford in Lancashire were transcribed and edited
by J. G. de T. Mandley and published by the Chetham Society in 1902. The
court was held after Easter and Michaelmas each year. The record usually
starts with a list of jurors, sometimes with a general suit roll.
Officers are appointed in the autumn court - borough reeve, constables,
miselayers, burleymen, alefounders, scavengers, and overseers for the
pump. Where a freeholder had died since the previous court, an inquiry
was made as to his or her heir. There are presentments of minor
offences, particularly affrays and selling ale contrary to statute.

1756
Europeans at the Siege of Calcutta
S. Charge Hill, Officer in Charge of the Records of the Government of
India, compiled this comprehensive list of Europeans and others in the
English Factories in Bengal at the time of the siege of Calcutta,
including those who died in and those who survived from the Black Hole.
One of his main sources, the returns of payments made by the government
of Bengal to 'European sufferers', is printed as an appendix - September
1759 pages i-iv; October 1759 iv-vi; November 1759 vi-vii; December 1759
vii-viii; February 1760 viii-xii; March 1760 xii-xiv.

1800
Subscribers to Thomas Sanderson's Original Poems
Thomas Sanderson's 'Original Poems' was published in Carlisle in 1800.
The list of subscribers is arranged geographically: London; Tunbridge;
Gloucester; Epsom; Exeter; Nottingham; Northampton; Cambridge; Oxford;
Hertford; Carlisle; Penrith; Longtown; Hesket Newmarket; Wigton;
Keswick; Durham; Newcastle; Maryport; Dublin; Edinburgh; York; and
Liverpool, each including surrounding areas; Madras; and the West
Indies. Where more than one copy was ordered, the number is given after
the subscriber's name. At the foot of the list is this note: 'The Author
cannot take leave of his friends without warmly thanking them for the
generous encouragement they have given to the subscription. Their
benevolence does them the more honour, as it was called forth in the
favour of a Person who cannot make them any better return than mere
professions of gratitude.'

1835-1844
Merchant Seamen
At this period, the foreign trade of ships plying to and from the
British isles involved about 150,000 men on 15,000 ships; and the
coasting trade about a quarter as many more. A large proportion of the
seamen on these ships were British subjects, and so liable to be pressed
for service in the Royal Navy; but there was no general register by
which to identify them, so in 1835 parliament passed a Merchant Seamen's
Registration Bill. Under this act a large register of British seamen was
compiled, based on ships' crew lists gathered in British and Irish
ports, and passed up to the registry in London. A parliamentary
committee decided that the system devised did not answer the original
problem, and the register was abandoned after less than two years: the
system was then restarted in this form, with a systematic attempt to
attribute the seamen's (ticket) numbers, and to record successive
voyages. The register records the number assigned to each man; his name;
age; birthplace; quality (S = seaman, &c.); and the name and official
number of his ship, with the date of the crew list (usually at the end
of a voyage). Most of the men recorded were born in the British Isles,
but not all. The system was still very cumbersome, because the names
were amassed merely under the first two letters of surname; an attempt
was made to separate out namesakes by giving the first instance of a
name (a), the second (b), and so on. In this volume the register is
restarted from 1840 onwards, with the mariner's previous number (if any)
being entered in the column after his birthplace. In the event of it
becoming known that a man had died during the course of a voyage, that
information is written across the remaining empty columns. This volume
(BT 112/11) covers mariners whose surnames start with Ca (and McCa).

1847
Deaths and New Superannuation Allowances: Public Officials
The annual return for 1847 of 'Allowances or Compensations granted as
Retired Allowances or Superannuations in all Public Offices or
Departments' lists new compensation allowances (usually for loss of
office under reorganization), superannuation allowances (for
retirement), and temporary allowances (for sickness or accident) arising
during the year; and the cessation of such allowances by death (or
occasionally because the individual has been re-employed, or the
allowance has remained unclaimed for six years). The format of the
returns varies from department to department, but generally the details
of a new allowance give full name or surname and initials, office, age,
length of service, affliction, and rate of allowance. The lists of
deaths give full name or surname and initials, office, date of death,
and the amount paid in the year. Throughout the death returns the column
'annual amount' means 'the amount actually paid out during 1847', rather
than the yearly amount of the allowance.

1899
Naturalizations
The Home Office issued monthly lists of aliens to whom Certificates of
Naturalization or Readmission to British Nationality had been granted by
the Secretary of State under the provisions of 33 Vic. cap. 14 and been
registered in the Home Office pursuant to the act during each previous
month. These notices, from January to December 1899, refer to
naturalizations from December 1898 to November 1899.

1931
Imperial Service Medal
Awards by king George V of the Imperial Service Medal to officers of the
Home Civil Service. The names are arranged alphabetically by surname and
christian names, with office or rank in the service.

Surname Source Books

Collections of entries for individual surnames from historical records
from the British Isles and colonies from the 11th to the 20th centuries,
hand indexed and extracted by surname, and available as ebook (£75) or
DVD (£90). Each ebook contains the full set of descriptions and matching
scans for the particular surname from the 10 million and more records
hand indexed by Theoriginalrecord.com. All scans are in PDF format.

13,830 Surnames Available
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/ebooks
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=5135ac6eef&e=d373e9e7ab>


__._,_.___

_________________
Gloria

I'd be dangerous with a brain.


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Fri Nov 09, 2012 2:24 pm 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
Thanks Gloria

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Fri Nov 30, 2012 10:05 pm 
Computer Whizz
User avatar

Joined: Fri Mar 02, 2007 9:28 am
Posts: 3922
Location: Near Chorley
Taken from LFHHS yahoo forum

*Census Secrets*
The decennial censuses in England and Wales, giving personal returns
from 1841 onwards, should be one of the surest routes from tracing
ancestry: it is generally acknowledged that coverage was close to
universal, so it should be possible to trace an individual back through
the 19th century, finding him or her ten years earlier, same name, same
birthplace, just ten years younger, and back into his parental family.
In theory.
In practice there are many pitfalls. Some arise from particular
circumstances:

1. In the case of a married woman, unless her maiden name is known, the
transition back to a girl in her parents' household is not so simple.
2. In many industrial areas, particularly South Wales and the clothing
districts of Lancashire and Yorkshire, certain surnames are so
common, and the range of christian names used so limited, that full
name, age and birthplace are often not unique. Hosts of coal miners
called John Williams or Thomas Jones thronged the valleys, almost
impossible to distinguish from one another.
3. Then there are the people who were away from home at the time of the
census - in the army or navy, sailors, fishermen, prisoners,
navvies, paupers in workhouses, and so on.
4. And although a single nuclear family can usually be traced back
census by census, the very large slice of the population that did
the meanest jobs, servants, casual agricultural labourers, shop
assistants in lodgings, are rarely at the same place ten years
before, and their identification depends more on judgments as to the
rarity of their name. If Solomon Thundercloud is aged 52, born in
Shelton, in the 1861 census, there is reasonable certainty that he
is the same Solomon Thundercloud, aged 42, born in Shelton, in the
1851 returns. But a John Smith, aged 52, born in London, recorded in
1861, will have several contenders in 1851.

So, if tracing back through the census returns is not always so easy,
what can be done to solve the problems that arise? And is there more to
be gleaned from the census returns than the simple snapshot of a
household at gaps of ten years?

Until recent years the key earlier census returns - 1851, 1861, 1871 -
were largely unindexed, more having been done on 1851 than any other,
partly because it was released to the public earlier, but also because
it was the earliest return to record relatively precise birthplaces, a
chance to get a hook back into the parish register sources for people
who were already old in 1851.
With the rise of the internet, there was a goldrush to stake out
uncharted territory: census indexing was done rapidly, often outsourced
to non-native speakers, and inevitably the results are patchy. An
independent survey of internet census indexes found up to 40%
mistranscriptions. Equally, although many of the original returns are
calligraphic in their beauty, others were compiled in execrable scrawls,
and would have been hardly decipherable by the writers on the following
day. The fact that in many cases occupation names and common placenames
were misspelt by the enumerators, and that the same surname can be spelt
in two or three ways in the record of a single household, indicates that
some enumerators were cavalier about such niceties.
If, then, it is unsurprising that you are unable to find a particular
individual in a particular return, what can be done about it? There are
two initial steps. Firstly, before the rise of the internet large
swathes of the returns had been indexed by local family history
societies: these indexes have in theory been superseded, but in the
event that there was such an index for your area of interest for the
missing year, it is as well to search it out. The people that compiled
the indexes knew their territory well, knew what surnames were likely,
were working at the records conscientiously and diligently, and are much
less likely to have made mistakes.
The second thing to do leads us to the heart of what can be wrung out of
the census records. Whenever researching any person in the past, there
are four key elements to consider: family, house, job and religion.
Genealogists' cardinal sin is to concentrate on the first, family, to
the exclusion of the other facets of life - which explains why so many
'genealogies' are fragments of unrelated pieces of ancestry spatchcocked
together like fragments of DNA.
House, location, is almost as important as family. When you find someone
in a census return, you find them not as a disembodied person, but where
they lived, worked, worshipped, and had their friends - some of whom
would be their present or future relatives. There, in the census return,
you have laid out before you the intimate details of a whole locality.
A few decades ago, when the London census returns were virtually
unindexed, a major genealogy company had traced a family for a client
back to the 1851 census. The client also wanted to trace the maternal
line, but all was known was the wife's maiden name, her father's name
and occupation, and that she was born in London. It was clearly
important to trace her father's family in the 1851 London census, but
there was no hint of where he lived: he did not appear in the trade
directories. The client was told that the only way would be to work
through the whole of the London census, a very expensive undertaking.
The client agreed, the search took place, and her father's family was
found - living next door to her. This brings home vividly how important
it is to make a note of who was living in the neighbouring houses when
you have found an ancestor in the census returns. It is a simple thing
to do, just a matter of a little bit of diligence, and it often proves
invaluable.
Secondly, if a family has been found at an address in, say, 1861, and at
different addresses in 1851 and 1871, you should always trace the
original (1861) address in the 1851 and 1871 returns: again, the rewards
from this little bit of diligence are often very great, revealing other
parts of the same family at the one address.
But to do all this requires a precise understanding of where any address
was actually located. Places change, house names change, street names
change, and streets are often re-numbered. So the most important part of
a census return, after the record of the household of interest, is the
cover sheet, the first page of the enumeration book, because that
specifies exactly the area covered by the enumerator. It may be as
vague, in the countryside, as 'The Township of Newton', or in a town
give a whole list of street names and numbers, mentioning various key
landmarks such as public houses or churches. With the help of a
contemporary map it is then possible to locate precisely not only where
the ancestor's house was, but the boundary of the enumeration district.
That area, so delineated, is the first to look to for workplace, chapel
or church, school, graveyard - all of which may have records relevant to
your search.
Although the registration districts and sub-districts, being those used
by the registrars of births, marriages and deaths, changed little in the
19th century, the enumeration districts, particularly in towns, were
redrawn for each census, so where there is difficulty in locating a
precise address in the next or preceding census it cannot be assumed
that the enumeration district number will be the same: but, again, the
cover sheet of the enumeration district books indicate precise
boundaries - essential so that no household was omitted, and none
counted twice.
In Victorian times there was a great surge in the building of Anglican
churches in the cities - belatedly, in the face of a population that had
been rising rapidly since the 18th century. Rather than create new
Anglican parishes, ecclesiastical districts were formed, and the census
administration was given the task of allocating population statistics
accordingly wherever new ecclesiastical districts had arisen. This had
to be done down to street level, and in consequence each enumeration
district book cover specifies ecclesiastical district, and if more than
one, which streets fell in which district. The same information is
usually given on the top of each sheet of the return. These new
Victorian churches - many of which have since become redundant - have
baptism, marriage and burial registers too late to be duplicated by
Bishop's Transcripts, and too late to be covered by most computerized
indexes. When they were brand new, spacious edifices they attracted huge
congregations, had their own parish magazines and organizations -
knowing the ecclesiastical district in which an ancestor lived is a
first key to exploring this resource.

*Surname Source Books*
13,830 Surnames Available
www.theoriginalrecord.com/database/ebooks
<http://theoriginalrecord.us4.list-manage1.com/track/click?u=9bb299c75702434cca4f0b1e0&id=04ffde5982&e=d373e9e7ab>

Collections of entries for individual surnames from historical records
from the British Isles and colonies from the 11th to the 20th centuries,
hand indexed and extracted by surname, and available as ebook (£75) or
DVD (£90). Each ebook contains the full set of descriptions and matching
scans for the particular surname from the 10 million and more records
hand indexed by Theoriginalrecord.com. All scans are in PDF format.

_________________
Gloria

I'd be dangerous with a brain.


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Sat Dec 01, 2012 6:42 am 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
:) Thanks Gloria

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Sat Dec 01, 2012 11:32 pm 
Sage of Simonstone
User avatar

Joined: Sat Oct 13, 2007 12:07 pm
Posts: 1600
Location: Burnley
You've been busy! Quite a useful article and, even when it's not entireley new to you, sometimes it's useful to be reminded. I spent ages last night tracking a family through the censuses - with some difficulty due to variaitions in spelling. When i finally got to 1901, which is where I'd been aiming for all along - there he was next door to his brother :roll:

_________________
Maureen
If you can't fight, wear a big 'at


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Sun Dec 02, 2012 10:04 am 
Computer Whizz
User avatar

Joined: Fri Mar 02, 2007 9:28 am
Posts: 3922
Location: Near Chorley
I sometimes do walks through the census pages to see if I can find other relatives. It's interesting to do especially when you know the area, as in Briercliffe.

_________________
Gloria

I'd be dangerous with a brain.


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Sun Dec 02, 2012 10:07 am 
Spider Lady
User avatar

Joined: Thu Mar 01, 2007 9:23 pm
Posts: 8100
Location: Staffordshire
Quite often find siblings or cousins living side by side. I've also found the odd marriage witness as a neighbour in more recent census (censii?)

_________________
Mel

Searching for lost relatives? Win the Lottery!


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
PostPosted: Mon Dec 03, 2012 12:06 am 
Sage of Simonstone
User avatar

Joined: Sat Oct 13, 2007 12:07 pm
Posts: 1600
Location: Burnley
It's great for Briercliffe and my Derbyshire lot. Tedious and then some for those pesky Mancs.

_________________
Maureen
If you can't fight, wear a big 'at


Top
 Profile  
Reply with quote  
Display posts from previous:  Sort by  
Post new topic Reply to topic  [ 99 posts ]  Go to page Previous  1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7  Next

All times are UTC [ DST ]


Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest


You cannot post new topics in this forum
You cannot reply to topics in this forum
You cannot edit your posts in this forum
You cannot delete your posts in this forum
You cannot post attachments in this forum

Search for:
Jump to:  
cron
Powered by phpBB® Forum Software © phpBB Group